ISSAC 05 - Affine Transformations of Algebraic Numbers Up
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We consider algebraic numbers defined by univariate polynomials over the rationals. In the syntax of Maple, such numbers are expressed using the RootOf function. This paper defines a canonical form for RootOf with respect to affine transformations. The affine shifts of monic irreducible polynomials form a group, and the orbits of the polynomials can be used to define a canonical form. The canonical form of the polynomials then defines a canonical form for the corresponding algebraic numbers. Reducing any RootOf to its canonical form has the advantage that affine relations between algebraic numbers are readily identified. More generally, the reduction minimizes the number of algebraic numbers appearing in a computation, and also allows the Maple indexed RootOf to be used more easily.

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